- lit. "long-pipe." Generally applied to flutes over two
shaku in length.
- The maker's stamp
- a small "ledge" added to the top of a shakuhachi in the
back, where the chin rests, to decrease the size of the hole at the
top; done when the natural dimensions of the bamboo require it.
- a pasty mixture of tonoko, a gypsum-like material, and urushi,
Japanese lacquer, used to smooth out and fine-tune the bore of
shakuhachi. The application of ji is what gives ji-ari shakuhachi
their rich, powerful, smooth tone, but generally speaking the less
ji applied the better.
- lit. "having-ji." Shakuhachi used to play modern music,
ensmble music, and honkyoku of the Kinko, Tozan, Chikuho, Ueda,
and other schools over the last 150 years have been overwhelmingly
of this type.
- lit. "without ji." Ji-nashi shakuhachi characteristically
have a softer, earthier, less penetrating tone than ji-ari shakuhachi.
- lit. "nothing(ness), negation, not" Ko/kara/kuu means empty.
- no name, from "mu" or empty, and "mei"or name.
A flute whose maker did not put a hanko on the instrument.
- a traditional Japanese length , equal to 30.3 cm.
- one-tenth of a shaku, or 3.03 cm.
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